Comparison between shielding-can directly mount and shielding-clip/frame

Recently one of my top manager ask to mount the shielding-can or call shielding-cover directly on the Printed Circuit Board to instead of mount the shielding-clip or call shielding-frame on the board first then cover the shieling-can. He said this “new process” is more cheap and can reach better RF (Radiation Frequency) performance. Also most of current popular cell phone board apply this solution.

Well, I must say yes. Directly mount the shielding-can on the board is cheaper and save labor hours as compare it with mount one component (frame or clip) on the board first then install another component (can or cover) to cover it. But this new requirement also got lots of negative feedback from SMT factory and repair center. Because of directly mount shielding-can on board means that repair guy must de-solder the shielding can first before repair the component under the shielding can. It make the repair job more difficult and may give more trouble and damage the board during repair.

Related article: The benefit to use shielding clips to instead of shielding frame

read more…》

Trouble Shooting Guide for Plastic Injection

Trouble Suggested Remedies (Solutions)
Shot-to-shot dimensional variations
  • Increase injection pressure
  • Maintain uniform pad (cushion)
  • Repair leaking back flow value if pad cannot be maintained
  • Increase screw forward time
  • Maintain uniform cycle
  • Eliminate un-melted particles (see below)
  • Use larger machine or screw designed for DELRIN
  • Balance mold temperature
  • Decrease mold temperature
  • Increase/decrease screw forward time
  • Increase/decrease injection pressure
  • Clean water channels in mold; improve mold cooling system
  • Improve part design
  • Change or add ejector pin locations

read more…》

Solution to the Drop of First-Side Part during the Second Reflow Soldering

Solution to the Drop of First-Side Part during the Second Reflow SolderingFirst of all, with the rapid growth of mobile phone technology, the Electronic Manufacturing Service (EMS) in mainland China sometimes meet serious labor shortage. Second, the Industry 4.0 promotes the requirement of factory automation for each EMS. Therefore, many parts which cannot adopt SMT reflow process are requested to fulfill Paste-In-Hole process (PIH process), such as the type-A USB connectors, Ethernet connector, power supply sockets, transformers, and so on. Originally, most of these kind of devices were touch-up soldered after SMT process.

Because of labor shortage, also for the purpose of saving process cost, and under the consideration of quality, many SI and EMS have requested that the parts which cannot adopt SMD process should fulfill at least PIH process, so that the soldering of all the electronic parts on circuit board can be completed after SMT process.

read more…》

What Process Impact of Substituting SMDs with Paste-In-Hole components?

SMD PIHSomeday, there is one question came from my manager, “Is there any difference or influence on the process and design if we changet the SMDs (Surface Mount Devices) to THDs (Through Hole Devices) type and go through the PIH(Paste-In-Hole) process?”

Later, I realized the question aimed to avoid damage to the connector components caused by customers’ misuse of brute force.

Sometimes, Paste-In-Hole (PIH) is also called Pin-In-Paste (PIP).

First, since the traditional insertion parts through PIH process is necessary to be manufactured with high-temperature reflow process, the part design should fulfill the considerations listed as follows:

read more…》

Solder Preforms – Another Choice for Solder Volume Increasing Solution

Today, most of electronic components are developed into smaller size. The small chips are downsized from 1206 to 0805, 0603, 0402, 0201, even to 01005. The size of chip is smaller; the required solder volume is less.

Moreover, the required stencil thickness becomes thinner from 0.18mm to 0.10mm or 0.08mm. Some components, however, cannot be downsized unlimitedly, such as external connectors. For example, a line socket of telephone, a network line socket, a smart card reader, and other devices require a certain amount volume of solder to ensure the soldering strength and quality. In addition, some traditional insertion parts (THD, Through Hole Devices) with paste-in-hole process require extra solder volume as well.

read more…》