Category Archives: Soldering

Selective Mask Wave Soldering Process: The Optimal Timing and Limitations

Workingbear initially thought that wave soldering machines should have been relegated to museums by now! However, despite the decades-long development of Surface Mount Technology (SMT), many PCBs still undergo wave soldering processes. But nowadays, most wave soldering processes employ Selective … Continue reading

Can Surface Mount Devices Run Through the Wave Soldering Without Falling Into the Pot?

In previous discussions, Workingbear introduced the “wave soldering” process, which was used in early day of PCBA soldering. SMT assembly, on the other hand, emerged later. Can wave soldering be used for Surface Mount Devices (SMDs) after SMT placement? Workingbear … Continue reading

The Purpose of Nickel (Ni) Plating on Components or Circuit Boards in the Electronics Industry

Firstly, let’s clarify that Workingbear is not a metallurgy expert. The content of this article is based purely on personal experience and information gathered from the internet. If there are any errors, feel free to point them out for correction. … Continue reading

What is Graping Solder Defect in SMT Assembly? How to Fix it?

In the reflow soldering process of Surface Mount Technology (SMT) in electronic assembly, the occurrence of “Graping” solder defect refers to the situation where the solder paste does not completely melt and joint together during reflow. Instead, individual solder powders … Continue reading

What is IMC (Intermetallic Compound)? How does IMC relate to PCB solder joint strength? Are there IPC standards for IMC thickness?

In the assembly and soldering process of printed circuit boards (PCBs), we often hear engineers or lab reports mentioning the term “IMC.” But what exactly is IMC? What role does IMC play in the PCB assembly (PCBA) soldering process? Does … Continue reading